Including the reading of the blood pressure graph, the monitor and the numbers
How to read blood pressure
The definition of blood pressure refers to the pressure exerted on the arterial tube as blood flows through the arteries. The ideal blood pressure for an adult male or female is 120/80 mmHg and can be increased to 140/90 mmHg before an alarm is triggered. However, 140/90 mmHg measurements require lifestyle changes such as a high blood pressure diet and other blood pressure lowering foods to prevent further increases in blood pressure.
Blood pressure measurements are read in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and represent the interpretation of blood pressure measurements, which are presented as values for systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The systolic number is higher at the top, e.g. 120 mmHg, and the diastolic number is lower, e.g. 120/80 mmHg.
How to read your blood pressure. For meaningful and complete blood pressure measurements, these two figures are superimposed. The number of peak systolic blood pressure values is higher because they are recorded during the heartbeat, when the blood pressure is highest. The diastolic number is lower because it is recorded between heartbeats when the heart is in a state of short rest.
In other words, the pressure measured when the heart contracts and the blood is expelled from the heart is the systolic (highest) blood pressure. The pressure measured when the heart expands with the return of blood to the heart is called diastolic (lowest) blood pressure. Blood pressure values of 120 by 80 millimetres of mercury, i.e. 120/80 mmHg, are read as oral values.
How to read the blood pressure card
Reading a blood pressure card is very simple and easy. The blood pressure diagram shows the range of blood pressure and the corresponding interpretation of blood pressure from optimal to hypertensive, as shown below
It is important to know how to read the blood pressure graph in the context of the high blood pressure facility in question. Blood pressure curves are published as part of the hypertension recommendations by major hypertension agencies such as WHO, HSE, EHS and AHA. They are important in the treatment of hypertension, including the prescription of antihypertensives.
As the blood pressure cards are set up by different institutions, this leaves room for deviations, although in general there are few deviations in the classification of the relevant blood pressure levels. The above diagram shows that the optimal blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg for the systolic measurement and less than 80 mmHg for the diastolic measurement.
In the above table, phase 2 hypertension, called mild hypertension, ranges from 140-159 mmHg systolic pressure to 90-99 mmHg diastolic pressure. Keep in mind that when using the graph, you need to have your blood pressure data at hand to better understand the measurements. In other words, the graph is only a function of the known measured values.
That is why you need a blood pressure monitor or indications from your clinic or hospital. However, some people who visit a doctor’s office, clinic or hospital are at risk of white-coat hypertension as a result.
How to read a blood pressure monitor
Moreover, reading out a digital blood pressure monitor is quite easy. Digital blood pressure monitors for home use are available in different types and sizes. However, the basic information displayed on the monitor does not change. There are different brands of sphygmomanometers. These include blood pressure monitors from Relion, Microlife, Lifesource and Omron. The figure below shows a typical digital blood pressure monitor;
As mentioned above, the digital monitor generates two important digits, namely the systolic measurements, which are the highest digit from the top, and the diastolic measurements, which are the lowest digit from the bottom of the systolic measurement. Some monitors display an extra digit, a pulse measurement, measured in one pulse per minute. This simplified value means the number of heartbeats per minute.
The heart rate function is particularly important and it is worth checking at home with every new increase in blood pressure, as it is used to interpret the health of your heart. Pulse measurements can reveal irregular heartbeats associated with cardiovascular problems. When reading the blood pressure information on the monitor, always measure the systolic pressure first and then the diastolic pressure. The picture above shows the digital blood pressure monitor for home use, which measures the blood pressure of 118/78mmHg. How to read the blood pressure monitor.
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